useScript() hook in React

Keeping the main javascript bundle as small as possible drastically boosts the performance of the app as it is faster to load, process, & parse.

There are scripts that we don’t require on the initial load of our app, rather than in certain components or places.

For example, Google Adsense script, we can load it after once the application is ready and the component that will display the ads is mounted.

In such scenarios, we can use the useScript() hook to asynchronously inject scripts.

The idea is simple, pass the script source to the useScript() hook and it will check if any script with this source is already injected or not, if it is present, return 'ready' state. Else create a new script with the source and inject it at the end of the body.

Assign even listeners on this script tag, which will update the statuses. on successful load 'ready' and on error 'error'.

function useScript(src) {
  // keep track of script status ("idle", "loading", "ready", "error")
  const [status, setStatus] = useState(src ? "loading" : "idle");

  useEffect(() => {
    // if no url provided, set the state to be idle
    if (!src) {

    // get the script to check if it is already sourced or not
    let script = document.querySelector(`script[src="${src}"]`);

    if (script) {
      // if script is already loaded, get its status and update.
    } else {
      // create script
      script = document.createElement("script");
      script.src = src;
      script.async = true;
      script.setAttribute("data-status", "loading");

      // inject the script at the end of the body

      // set the script status in a custom attribute
      const setAttributeFromEvent = (event) => {
        script.setAttribute("data-status", event.type === "load" ? "ready" : "error");

      // assign the event listeners to monitor if script is loaded properly
      script.addEventListener("load", setAttributeFromEvent);
      script.addEventListener("error", setAttributeFromEvent);

    // helper function to update the script status
    const setStateFromEvent = (event) => {
      setStatus(event.type === "load" ? "ready" : "error");

    // setup
    script.addEventListener("load", setStateFromEvent);
    script.addEventListener("error", setStateFromEvent);

    // clean up
    return () => {
      if (script) {
        script.removeEventListener("load", setStateFromEvent);
        script.removeEventListener("error", setStateFromEvent);
  }, [src]);

  return status;
const Dummy = () => {
  const status = useScript(

  return <></>;

export default Dummy;